The Hypothesis of Atom Size Particles in Colloidal Products

In 2001 an article surfaced that was written by By Francis S. Key and George Maass, Ph.D. called "Ions, Atoms, and Charged Particles"

"...A single silver atom can be considered to be an atomic-sized particle of metallic silver. It is the smallest size of silver matter that exists. The diameter of a single silver atom is 0.288 nm. While it is theoretically possible to have a particle of metallic silver that consists of a single atom, in practice particles are much larger and consist of many atoms..." 

"....The particle size typically observed in colloidal silver has been measured in the range of 5 to 200 nanometers..."

This article states that they agree that Atomic Particle Colloidal Silver is possible, but not in 2001. They further explain that nanoparticles have been observed to be 5 nm to 200 nm. This is a very interesting conclusion because it is confirmation that nanoparticle colloidal generators do produce consistent particles sizes. 

Colloidal Silver Atomic Size Particles Justified
The Rice University has presented indisputable evidence that nanoparticle colloidal silver solutions contain IONS as well, Ions can be a minimum of two atoms and up and are much smaller than nanoparticles. It is NOW a well-known fact that the well known Colloidal Silver Electrolysis process does not produce consistent particle sizes.

The Rice University states that it is the IONS that are responsible for the Low PPM nanoparticle colloidal silver limited success and not the nanoparticles.

They also said in their report that there is not enough PPM of Ions in the nanoparticle colloids, and because of that virus and bacteria build resistance to nanoparticle colloidal silver.

The fact is that the Rice University only studied the obvious i.e., Ions and nanoparticles. It is also safe to conclude that it may also generate atomic size particles of silver as well, which may be the REAL REASON why the nanoparticle and Ionic Silver products have had limited success. By limited we mean that there are not enough atomic size particles to be exceptionally effective.


​In the past some of the nanoparticle producers claimed that it was the "Large Surface Area" that killed the pathogens, now they are saying that it is a certain "Percentage of Silver Ions" ever since the Rice University report came out. That reinforces the fact that it is the tiny particles responsible for the positive effects of Colloidal Silver! We have the smallest particles ever achieved!


Stanford Universities Image of Silver Nanoparticles and the atoms they contain.
A series of electron micrographs of silver nanospheres of between two and ten nanometers in diameter. Individual atoms are visible within the particles. Photo: Jonathan Scholl | Stanford Engineering
The image above, from Stanford University's Engineering Department, shows isolated 2 nm and 5 nm silver nanoparticles, inside the nanoparticles you can see the atoms on the surface of the nanoparticle spheres. 

There are hundreds and even up to tens of thousands of individual atoms in a 5nm particle. What is not depicted are nanoparticles that are larger than 5nm, which sizes can exceed 200nm, such large particles may contain 250,000 to almost Millions of Atoms.  

This clearly illustrates that an atom of silver cannot be 239 nm, as has been stated by other researchers.  When you can easily see silver atoms on a nanoparticle that is 2 nm in size, obviously the atoms are smaller than 2 nm. 

When looking at size measurements, an Angstrom (Symbol Å) is about the same size as an Atom, 10 Hydrogen Atoms (Angstroms) equal to 1 nm. Therefore, atoms are typically ten times smaller than a one-nanometer particle. Proper measurement of atomic size particles is done in angstroms. One atom equals one angstrom in size.

Many producers distort the facts! 

We found that many contradict their particle size claims and have created their "terms and definitions". 

The fact they are not willing to admit that they use chemicals (Even while the FDA reported that they do use chemicals, and hundreds of patents prove that chemicals are used) should immediately raise a Red Flag, and everything they state should be questioned.  Again, just because they have their own laboratory does not make them an Honest Authority on colloidal products since they will report what best suits their market share or interests. 

STANFORD ENGINEERING - NOBLE METALS

In recent years, engineers have paid particular attention to nanoparticles of the noble metals: silver, gold, palladium, platinum and so forth. These metals are well known to support localized surface plasmon resonances in larger particles. Plasmons are the collective oscillation of electrons at the metal surface in response to light or an electric field.
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Additionally, other important physical properties can be driven when plasmons are constrained in extremely small spaces, like the nanoparticles Dionne and Scholl studied, a phenomenon known as quantum confinement.

Depending on the shape and size of the particle, therefore, quantum confinement can dominate a particle's electronic and optical response. This research allows scientists, for the first time, to directly correlate a quantum-sized plasmonic particle's geometry--its shape and size--with its plasmon resonances.


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Verifying the facts about the Colloidal Silver Particle Size in Relation to Atomic Particles

We understand there are many experts in the Colloidal Silver industry. Many have Ph.D.’s and or Doctorates and offer authoritative information that may be to the best of their knowledge.  But having a Doctorate or Ph.D. does not confer infallibility.  Everyone, regardless of their Doctorates and Ph.D.'s makes mistakes from time to time, though a great deal are not willing to admit this.

We found inconsistencies with explanations offered of particle sizes and total atom content on other websites. To either corroborate or refute these statements, we visited several universities to verify some basic facts. After all, these institutions are the ones that award the Ph.D.'s, and Diplomas.  We encourage you to do your own research and you'll find our explanations correlate with the information being taught in University classrooms.

Here is another wonderful website that gives you a size comparison based on the factors of multiplying by the power of 10. This short video brings you from the edge of galaxies to the size of earth down to the size of a tree leaf. And continues to show reductions in size with nanoparticles, viruses, bacteria, atomic particles, all the way down to quarks. 

Florida State University sponsored information



http://nanosense.sri.com

(SRI International is a nonprofit research institute headquartered in Menlo Park, California. The trustees of Stanford University established SRI in 1946. It was made as a center of technical innovation and also as an aid to support development in the area. As such, SRI is a well-known affiliate of Standford University). This website provides a very accurate rendition of perspectives in relation to scale and size of objects. It also includes images of the sizes of nanoparticles and of bacteria, viruses etc.



Understanding the Particle Size of Atoms Compared to Nanoparticles

Standford University Analysis of Silver Nanoparticle
The fundamental difference between Low 10, 20 to 40 PPM of Nanoparticles and High PPM of Atomic Particles are a many:

1. Atomic Particles are no longer in a Metallic State but are in fact Crystalline or Mineral Form, the absolute smallest particle size for dietary consumption. Nanoparticles are Metallic and still have to be broken down by stomach acids to turn them into useful nutrients.

2. Our Products are 100 Percent Natural, no kind of chemical or herbal extracts are used in the production process.



3. The PPM Factor: The availability of Silver Particles to attack multi-millions of viruses that have taken occupation of its host. Ridiculously Low PPM is not going to put a scratch on them!

4. Our process attaches Hundreds of Thousands of Atomic Particles to water molecule clusters. Each cluster is counted as ONE PPM.


5. Each water molecule cluster (or PPM) may contain an excess of hundreds of thousands of atomic silver particles. 


6. The Process that produces nanoparticle colloidal silver is unreliable in generating consistent and constant particles sizes, and when left operating too long creates toxic colloidal silver.

7. Nanoparticles are produced from 2nm to 200nm in the same solution, which may also include some ions.


8. One of the known problems with nanoparticles is that they have been reported to get trapped in the kidneys, urinary tract, as well as the skin tissue and create other health problems.​

The Absolute Smallest Particle Size is Essential to Have Effectiveness.

Nanoparticle Colloidal Silver
Disgraceful sellers of colloidal silver generator kits and Low PPM Nanoparticle products have made it a mission to confuse the public.  They do this by using scare tactics endeavoring to make you think that all High PPM Colloidal Silver is toxic, and of course " theirs" is the safest one to utilize.

Ignoring the facts that our products are produced with:


  1. Zero Chemicals and are virtually Organic
  2. We have a High PPM of ATOMIC Particles (smaller than anything anyone can conceive of). 
  3. The Smallest Particle Size in the History of Colloidal Silver 

The above 3 facts alone virtually guarantee ZERO Toxicity.

They also conveniently ignore the fact that the Low PPM Products they make, are the real reasons for the existing negative reports on Colloidal Silver. Their Products are KNOWN to be Toxic; However, there are ZERO reports that High PPM Atomic Particle Colloids are Toxic.
Many companies promote their Low PPM Products with images that are done with an Electron Microscope.

If you look carefully, you will see that their particles sizes are not consistent and can be tiny specs to massive nanoparticles that are over 300 nm. In the image above the larger ones are most likely about 300 nm and the smaller ones maybe 10 nm.

That is because their electrolysis is basically two silver electrodes under the water that barely touches, the electricity breaks down the particles, but it does not do it uniformly.

There is NO way to control what the electrodes produce in the Ionic and nanoparticle products, and that is why you see color variations from opaque to dark colors.

Then there is the "Zoom Factor" in their pictures to consider; they can zoom out, and "screen capture" the image to make it look like their products have super small particles.

The Rice University has confirmed that Low PPM Products do not work efficiently and that they cause pathogens to build immunity instead of killing them, there is just not enough PPM to kill off the pathogens.

Understanding Why You Need Colloidal Silver.

All viruses and bacteria vary in size (Estimates Only):

Virus and Bacteria Sizes Compared to Nanopartiles
Here are the facts:


  • A Micrometer is a thousand times larger than a nanometer, being 1 millionth (1,000,000) of a meter in size. Micrometers are also referred to as microns and are 1/25, 250th of an inch.
  • A Nanometer is 1/25.4 millionth of an inch (1/25,250,000th) or 1 billionth (1,000,000,000) of a meter in size.
  • An Atom is approximately 1/250 millionth (1/250,000,000) of an inch in size.
  • Nanoparticles are particles that are measured in nanometers (1 billionth of a meter).
  • Nanoparticles that are 1 nanometer in size are 25,250,000th of an inch.
  • Micro-particles are particles measured in micrometers (1 millionth of a meter) or microns.
  • Micro-particles that are 1 micrometer in size are 1/millionth of a meter or 1/25,250th of an inch in size.
  • Colloidal silver nanoparticles were measured as small as 8 nanometers in size (which is 8 billionths of a meter), but most nanoparticles are much larger than this.
  • Ionic and nanoparticle solutions of silver were found to contain particles as large as 200 nanometers (or 200 billionths of a meter) in size.
  • In an inch sized area, 126,250 particles would fit if they were as big as 200 nanometers.
  • Singular digit sized nanoparticles (those between 3-9 nanometers in size), of silver, could penetrate some larger kinds of bacteria if they remained as monatomic ions, but few of them do for long because of magnetic particle attraction.
  • Monatomic ions of colloidal silver are usually unstable and quickly change into polyatomic ions and then later transform into molecular ions.
  • Molecular ions are groupings of large, micrometer size particles that are built from many layers of nanometer sized, polyatomic ions that have gathered together. Molecular ions are as large as or larger than many viruses, bacteria, and pathogens and therefore are unable to penetrate them (which would cause the most damage).
  • Ionic and nanoparticle colloidal silver solutions currently for sale contain mostly molecular ions of silver made of large particles with a big surface area. This is not a desirable quality.
  • Atomic particles of colloidal silver are at least 10 times smaller than the smallest nanoparticles that are from 3-9 nanometers in size.
  • Atomic-sized particles of colloidal silver are often hundreds or thousands of times smaller than ionic or nanoparticle colloidal silver due to these particles forming large molecular ion groups.

  • In the same one inch area that you could fit 126,250 nanoparticles that were 200 nanometers in size, you could fit 200 Million (200,000,000) atomic-sized particles.

  • Colloidal silver in Ionic and nanoparticle sized solutions, kill off small quantities of harmful microorganisms by repeatedly bruising, cutting, shocking and then finally poisoning the weakest ones. Minor results occur by utilizing molecular-sized nanoparticles of silver. These, combined with chemicals like silver chlorides, bromides, phosphates, hydrochloric acid, cyanide and other chemical residues, overwhelm the microorganisms killing off a few in the process. Small amounts are killed off in this manner and the effects are not easily noticeable.

  • Atomic-sized particles of colloidal silver kill off large quantities of harmful microorganisms by penetrating them with sufficient momentum which causes irreparable damage. In addition to causing severe penetration damage, they also have a stronger electrical charge than nano and ionic particles have. So as they penetrate viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens, they simultaneously shock the microorganisms with multiple electrical jolts. These minute discharges cause further damage which serves to quicken the process of killing them.
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Zeta Potential


Many Colloidal Silver producers tend to confuse their customers by saying that anything that does not have a good Zeta Potential is not a "True Colloidal Silver."  

The fact is that Zeta Potential is a fundamental indicator of the stability of colloidal solutions. The magnitude of the zeta potential indicates the ratio of electrostatic repulsion between adjoining, similarly charged particles in a solution. For molecules and particles that are tiny enough, a high zeta potential will bestow stability, in other words,  the solution or dispersion will resist aggregation. 

When the potential is small, attractive forces may exceed this repulsion, and the dispersion may break and cause the particles to clump together. Colloids with high zeta potential (negative or positive) are electrically stabilized while colloids with low zeta potentials tend to coagulate or coagulate as described in the chart.
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Zeta Potential
As stated above "molecules and particles that are small enough, a high zeta potential will bestow stability, i.e., the solution or dispersion will resist aggregation."  

Atomic Size Particles attached to water molecules are the smallest size achievable to date, in regards to Colloidal Silver or Colloidal Solutions.

We have the most stable product in the industry.

While other companies products are made with Chemicals, it's the chemicals that will cause coagulation of the solutions when something affects the chemical composition, such as heat, cold, X-Rays UV and VA Rays, Sunlight. 


                                                              Because of our particle size, we have no such problems. 

Colloidal silver atoms are by far the most powerful and lethal to viruses, bacteria and free radicals. These bugs invade the body from the inside out and can cause severe sickness, premature aging and a possibly a quick death. 

Contrary to popular belief, silver nanoparticles bounce off viruses because the particles are just too large, bulky and cumbersome since most nanoparticles are the same size as the virus.

Imagine someone throwing a basketball at high speed at someone while hoping to do some damage. The basketball will not penetrate the person but it will cause severe bruising and pain due to the large surface area.  Now consider a bullet, it will kill or severely injure the intended target because of its tiny size. 

In this case, the atom would be comparable to a bullet penetrating into viruses, bacteria, or parasites.  

Just imagine what would occur if 3,000 to 18,000 water molecule clusters each released hundreds of thousands of micro bullets (which could mean over 1 billion micro bullets), you would think that it would have a positive outcome right? They do, check out our testimonials page.

That is the type of effect you can expect from the atomic size particles.These lethal particles effectively penetrate germs, viruses, bacteria and free radicals killing them quickly and efficiently.

                                                                           Perfected Atomic Particle Trace Minerals 
                                                                   Second to none in performance and effectiveness.

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